One:The mothers need to understand the breast knowledge and the principle of milk discharge
Two：What is the breast pump?
Three:What is the working principle of the breast pump?
Four: What is the role of breast pump?
Five：How to choose the right breast pump?
Six: How to check if the speaker cover matches your breast?
Seven：How to use the breast pump correctly?
Eight: The precautions for using a breast pump
Nine:How to properly preserve breast milk?
Ten: Problems related to the use of breast pumps
1.Anatomy of the breast
This picture shows an anatomical view of the breast of a lactating woman. The breast glands and the milk duct system are related to the secretion of milk..Each glandular gland of the mammary gland has its corresponding duct system. Multiple small ducts are collected into interlobular ducts, and multiple interlobular ducts are merged into a lactiferous duct. There are 15 to 20 milk ducts, which are arranged radially in the center of the nipple. They are collected in the areola and open to the nipple, which is called the milking hole.
The mammary duct is narrower in the nipple (relative to the ampulla), and then expands to form a relatively enlarged ampulla, and later branches into the catheters at all levels (from the nipple to the first, second, third…), the terminal catheter communicates with the acinus.
The milk duct system is like the root of a big tree. The stump on the ground is the nipple. The closest to the nipple is the first-stage catheter. The first-stage catheter bifurcation forms the secondary catheter. This type of push is distributed radially in the soil (mammary interstitial). Understanding this structure, it is easier to understand the production and discharge of breast milk later.
In the center of the figure, we can see that the breast tube inside the nipple is tied, and the local bulge below the tying part is the ampulla of ours, and then the gradual branching of the ducts at all levels, the breast of the gland . This explains why a breast hole can affect a wedge-shaped gland after it is blocked.
2.Principle of milk discharge
Understand the anatomy of the breast and understand the distribution of the milk duct. Let's see how the breast milk is discharged.
Milking is a complex neuroreflex activity. The nipple receptor is stimulated by a sucking action, which reflexively causes contraction of smooth muscle around the acinar and small ducts in the breast tissue, and the acinar milk is squeezed into the catheter system. Then the smooth muscles of the large duct and the acinus contract, the papillary sphincter relaxes, and the breast milk is excreted. This is caused by the secretion of oxytocin to control the degree of contraction of the mammary duct and cause breast milk discharge.
The two key points mentioned in this passage are very important for understanding scientific techniques for milk discharge.
1. The nipple receptor accepts the stimulation of the sucking action.
To scientifically drain breast milk, you need to understand how your child sucks, what frequency, what way, and where. This is the basis for the simulation of milking.
2. The acinar breast milk is squeezed into the catheter system.
It turns out that the milk is not completely filled in the catheter system, but is mostly stored in the mammary gland, and only enters the catheter system when it is stimulated. So even if you don't feel the milk, you have milk, because the breast duct is not filled with milk, but the breast gland is filled with milk.
Because the milk is one by one into the baby's mouth, when he swallows, he will block the glottis and avoid the milk entering the airway. However, when the milk flow rate is too fast, the baby's epiglottis can't be closed, which may cause aspiration pneumonia.
From the first few seconds of the video, we can see how the baby sucks and stimulates the nipple areola, causing the milk to reflect.
Then understand the anatomy of the breast, understand the principle of breast milk, and also saw the process of breast pumping, we will focus on this article, how to carry out scientific milking.
3.The principle of manual milking
The scientific method of milking is based on the anatomy of the breast, based on the principle of milk discharge, simulating the process of sucking the baby and using the method to effectively remove the milk.
How to operate specifically?
1.the principle of manual milking one
The nipple is the only channel through which the milk is discharged. If the milk in the nipple areola area is not effectively removed, then more massage, massage, and hot compress will only increase the edema of the deposition site.
2. the principle of manual milking two open
After draining the milk from the nipple areola area, the milk is discharged step by step in the direction of the catheter distribution . It is from the nipple to the periphery, not from the periphery to the nipple.
3. the principle of manual milk discharge three
Gradually open the milk ducts at all levels, through the gentle and rhythmic stimulation of the nipple areola area, simulate the way the baby sucks, from the high-frequency shallow stimulation spray (milk array), and gradually transition to the low-frequency deep lactation mode. You can see the breast milk pour out from the milk catheter.
4. Manual milking taboo
4.1 Use violence
The most taboo way to manual milking is to use violence, and this is the most common mistake people make. Especially for those who don’t understand breast anatomy and don’t understand the principle of milk discharge, they insist on the principle of “The greater the power, the better the effect” and try to use Violence squeezes the milk out. As everyone knows, this is not only ineffective, but also easily aggravates edema and even causes serious damage.
Follow the scientific principles of breast milk, in the process of helping mothers, there should be no obvious pain.
4.2 Did not open the door, first open the way
Many people are eager to massage induration during the process of breast-feeding, and even use a hard object such as a comb back to scrape, and neglect the patience of "opening the door."
It is like cleaning up the workers in the sewers, and rushing out of the mud from the inside, but without opening the door of the sewer in advance, the accumulation of sludge behind the door is more and more, and eventually it becomes more and more blocked and cannot be cleaned up.
4.3 First hot compress, after cold compress
The principle of object is subject to thermal expansion and cold shrinkage is known. When it is found that the milk is blocked, many people think of the hot compress first. Thinking about expanding the milk duct, the milk discharge will be smoother. But have you thought that you have not "opened the door" or "open the way", the hot compress will stimulate the milk line, more milk is stimulated into the milk duct, but it can not be discharged, it will only lead to more and more blockage.
The correct way should be to apply cold compress, reduce local edema caused by milk deposition, open the outlet of the nipple areola, clear the milk duct in front of the induration, and then try local hot compress to promote milk discharge.
Manual milking needs constant practice to be refined. It is necessary to sum up experience in each process of practice, feel the feeling of breasts in different situations, and form a perfect combination of tactile memory and finger muscle memory. Just like the surgeon's hand, it takes more years of surgery to become more precise. Manual milking is a skill in breastfeeding. We don't rely too much on it to solve all problems, but we can't completely ignore its existence. When maternal and child cooperation can't solve some practical problems, scientific method of milking is also a worthwhile way.
Techniques are just an aid, not the only way. You can also choose to use a breast pump.
A breast pump is a tool for extruding breast milk accumulated in the breast. It is generally suitable when the baby cannot directly suck breast milk, or when the mother has not started to produce breast milk. Nowadays, the breast pump in our life is mainly composed of a suction cup, a main body, a motor handle and a bottle. The main body adopts the siphon principle, so that the mother's milk is concentrated in the bottle.
All breast pumps work the same way: suction is used to suck the milk out of the breast and into the container. The difference is how the breast pump provides suction (host mode of operation), the size of the suction (power design), how the suction and discharge cycle (time design) is controlled, and the number of suction cycles that the breast pump can produce per minute ( rate design). In general, the cylinder pump of the breast pump is larger than the motor pump, but the sound is lighter and the life is longer.
Conventional breast pumps have the following components to operate:
Suction cup: Use the vacuum principle to suck the breast of the lactating person.
Breast pump body: Using the siphon principle, the milk is sucked from the surface of the mother's breast and concentrated in the direction of ninety degrees and introduced into the bottle for storing breast milk.
Motor or handlebar: Squeeze the grip with electricity or by hand, causing siphon power.
Storage bottle: The bottle mouth is usually connected to the lower edge of the breast pump body and looks the same size as the bottle.
Whether manual or electric breast pumpes have the following features:
- The suction cup must be in close contact with the breast to buffer the pain of collecting milk;
- Moderate siphon force, buffering milk discomfort;
- Strong siphoning ability to reduce pain during breast pumping;
- Easy to operate;
- Easy to combine for easy cleaning;
- The versatility of the bottle design.
The most common reason for breastfeeding during breastfeeding is to storage of breast milk so that the baby can still get breastmilk when the mother is away. Even when the mother and the baby are not together, using a breast pump can help maintain the mother's milk. If the mother still insists on breastfeeding after going to work, it is more necessary to suck the milk out and save it.
In addition, the use of breast pumps can also stimulate milk secretion and increase milk volume. If the baby is a premature baby or does not suck on the mother's nipple, using a breast pump to collect milk not only allows the baby to eat valuable breast milk, but also relieves the pain and pressure that the milk is brought to you. However, it should be noted that the number of milking during the expansion of milk is not too much, otherwise it will make the situation worse.
In a special case, if the doctor recommends stopping breastfeeding temporarily, for example because you are taking medication that may be harmful to your baby, or if you need short-term hospitalization, use a breast pump during the time when you cannot breastfeed your baby. Aspirating the milk can continue to help you maintain adequate milk secretion.
Although some people prefer to milk by hand, most people still think it is faster and easier to use a breast pump. At the beginning, moms may not get used to it. It feels strange to suck the milk out of their breasts with a "machine", but usually it won't take long before you can suck it very easily.
1. Choose the right breast pump
You can choose between a cheaper manual breast pump worth $15 or a more complex electric or battery breast pump with $150 or more. But the main selection criteria are personal preferences and economic conditions.
Caro Hannali, manager of the Breastfeeding Information Center of the International Breastfeeding Association, also said: "The breast pump suitable for one woman may not be suitable for the other, most of them are how much breast milk you need to suck and need to use the time of the breast pump to decide."
If you plan to spend a few months and the time spent on each day is limited, Hornali recommends using the largest professional electric breast pump. Although the model is large and inconvenient to carry, it is very fast.
These breast pumps can be rented at a hospital or breastfeeding center. Although these breast pumps are used to suck breast milk for breastfeeding, they are particularly useful when the baby is prematurely unable to actively suck the milk immediately.
The latest electric breast pump is capable of simultaneously sucking milk and is quick, quiet and easy to use. Although this value is $200 or more, the electric breast pump is easy to carry and is especially useful for mothers who need to milk at work.
If you only need to suck out the milk once, for example if you are going to leave for a day or two, you can squeeze the breast directly into the container by hand and do not need a breast pump at all.
2. What types of breast pumps are there?
The breast pump is divided into electric breast pump and a manual breast pump. The manual breast pump is divided into a push type, a simple rubber ball type and a syringe type. The electric breast pump can stimulate the milk array and the non-irritating milk array, and also is divided into the single pump and the double pump.
3. What brand of breast pump is good?
Which kind of breast pump is good? Which brand of breast pump is good? What brand of breast pump is best used? Below, we recommend those brands with good reputation and good sales.
AVENT breast pump (in the United Kingdom in 1984, the world's top 500 companies, the world famous maternal and child care brand)
Pigeon breast pump (in 1949, Japan, a large multinational group company, a leader in women's and baby products)
NUK breast pump (founded in Germany in 1947, a brand with a high reputation in the world baby products market)
Little white bear breast pump (in 2003, the famous baby brand from South Korea)
Good woman breast pump (specialized in the development, production and sales of pregnant and baby products, the industry is more influential brand)
Medela breast pump (founded in Switzerland in 1961, the world's leading baby products manufacturer and manufacturer)
IVORY breast pump (started in 1975 in Taiwan, a large enterprise, a famous brand in the industry)
Dr. Brown's breast pump (from the famous American brand, the world's baby products industry is extremely valuable brand)
Rikang breast pump (professional manufacturer of baby products development, design, production, well-known brand)
Grand breast pump (professional production and sales of maternal and child life appliances international enterprises)
4. How much is the breast pump?
Nowadays, the breast pump on the market is really very rich, and there are all kinds of material and brand breast pumps, so the price difference of this product is relatively large. Under normal circumstances, the price of breast pumps is between tens of dollars and hundreds of dollars. After all, it is a product for babies and mothers, so safety, health and comfort are very important elements, so usually the price of a breast pump that looks very simple is not particularly cheap, you must buy it first. A good breast pump generally needs to pay two or three hundred dollars.
5. Is the breast pump manual or electric?
Manual breast pump advantages and disadvantages
Advantages: With a certain suction, manual operation throughout the whole process, you can control the strength and speed of sucking milk at will, start and stop at any time, can absorb milk as you like, and can also be used without electricity, it is less irritating to the breast, use There is no pain in the nipple. In addition, the price is moderate, compared to electric breast pump, it has advantages, suitable for economical mothers to buy.
Disadvantages: Manual breast pump takes a certain amount of time and effort. If the mother is busy, the strength is small, the amount of milk is insufficient, and the suction process may be difficult. Moreover, when sucking milk, the milk may be sprinkled on the breast pump. Compared with the electric breast pump, the cleaning is difficult and the volume is relatively large, and it is inconvenient to carry out.
Advantages and disadvantages of electric breast pump
Advantages: automatic operation throughout the whole process, the suction size can be adjusted automatically, and the baby sucks the milk almost the same, does not damage the breast, and is small in size, easy to use, saves time and effort, completely liberates the hands, and is convenient to carry out. Compared with the manual breast pump, the price is more expensive.
Disadvantages: need power support, can not be used in the case of power failure, in addition, during use, there will be noise, easy to affect the mother's milking mood.
6. Is the breast pump unilateral or bilateral?
Since the breast pump is an essential tool for the mother, then the type of breast pump selection needs to be studied carefully. Generally speaking, the unilateral type is suitable for mothers with less breast milk, while the bilateral type is suitable for mothers with more milk. Some breast pumps have a unilateral replacement into a bilateral device, which is convenient for the mother's choice. The information on the quality and model of the specific breast pump is recommended to the counter to understand clearly.
7. What is a hospital grade breast pump?
The breast pump is considered by the US Food and Drug Administration to be a medical device, but the organization does not recognize the term hospital-grade breast pump. The US Food and Drug Administration only refers to multi-user and single-user pumps, so there are doubts about the true level of hospital-level problems. “Hospital breast pump is a multi-user breast pump with a closed system that mothers can share safely.
The hospital uses these devices because the system is closed. Although open systems are only available to one user, they do not filter out milk, sweat and other body fluids that may enter the device, while closed systems have tools to eliminate this risk.
Why use a hospital-grade breast pump? Due to its ease of use, you may be attracted to hospital-grade pumps. These devices are typically more powerful than single-user devices and therefore require shorter pumping times. This type of pump also provides a quieter experience and is more comfortable for both mother and baby. For medical reasons, some women need hospital-grade breast pumps. Their babies may not be able to lock in or encounter other health problems that are not naturally acceptable, and heavy pumps ensure that mothers can quickly and effectively suck.
On the other hand, mothers may have their own health considerations to prevent breastfeeding. For example, if they do not have a defined milk supply, the hospital-grade pump may be needed for them to get enough milk for the baby. These pumps are usually available for rental. Depending on how long you need to rent them, the total cost of temporary ownership may be lower than the direct purchase of a single-user device.
What are the disadvantages of hospital-grade breast pumps? Hospital-grade breast pumps have some drawbacks. Because they are usually larger and heavier than individual breast pumps, they are not portable. This can be difficult for working moms. If you plan to buy or rent it for a while, the cost may increase, so it's difficult to install the pump into your already stressed baby budget. Renting a breast pump also requires some effort to ensure that all parts are included in the kit, disinfected and functioning properly.
Mothers should be aware of the risks of leasing. Because hospital-grade breast pumps are not recognized by the US Food and Drug Administration, retailers may have different levels of quality. At the US Food and Drug Administration suggest , ask your doctor when searching for a rental provider and verify that the supplier is reputable with the help of the Business Improvement Board. Even if the lease sounds like a good idea, you have to make sure it fits your budget and insurance plan, which may be harder than you think. The cost per person may vary, so your best bet is to contact your doctor directly to discuss the breast pump to understand your personal needs and next steps.
8. How to judge the top breast pump?
Standard 1: The suction cycle per minute. In general, more breast pumps per minute have a higher efficiency. The slower the suction, the more unfavorable your nipple will be and will continue to pump for a longer period of time. High-quality electric breast pumps can achieve up to 60 times per minute, and rental (medical grade) suction cycles will be more.
Standard 2: Imitation Baby sucking action. An effective breast pump will simulate the baby's sucking action as much as possible. The baby's sucking is not continuous, but rhythmically follows the sucking-stop-suck-stop cycle. The sucking force is enough to suck the milk out without causing the breast tissue damage. The breast pump must control this cycle and suction force in a very precise way. If the suction is too hard or too long, it will cause the breast to be injured or bruised. If the suction is too weak or the time is too short, it cannot Good collection of milk.
Standard 3: Imitate the baby sucking mode. This type of breast pump has one or more cycle speeds, which are consistent with most baby's sucking cycles, and some are even designed to have a fast cycle speed and low suction force to stimulate lactation reflexes, just like the baby's short and fast sucking breast milk; when the milk starts to flow out, the circulation speed slows down and the suction increases to help the milk flow smoothly; most of these breast pumps have a series of varying pumping strengths to choose from, and the better breast pump can adjust the speed at the same time; You can choose the speed and suction strength that suits you, making it work for you effectively.
Standard 4: Closed breast pump system. Their system is closed, which means that the working components are not in contact with your milk, and the user can also purchase a new set of accessories (including hoses, horns, valves, etc.) for use on the breastpump main unit. The most important function of the closed breast pumping system is to keep the milk pure and to isolate the pollution. If the breast milk does not have a closed system, it is easy to enter the lid or the catheter during the breast pump operation, and even enter the breast pump host, which has a very serious safety hazard. In addition, the fewer parts that come into contact with breast milk, the easier it is to clean and disinfect.
Standard 5: Bilateral stable breast pumping. This breast pump can simultaneously suck the breasts from both sides without reducing the pumping intensity or speed, saving time and stimulating the breast to produce more milk. Rental grade breast pumps are almost more thorough and effective than any other type of breast pump in sucking milk. Additional standards: ultra-quiet, individualized accessories. In addition, mothers who need to use breastpumps frequently should consider the sound volume of the machine. The noise level is less than 45 decibels is relatively quiet; more than 50 decibels will affect sleep and rest, due to lack of rest, fatigue Can not be eliminated, normal physiological functions will be affected. And as the use time is prolonged, the machine wears out louder sounds, so the lower the operating sound, the higher the added value of the breast pump. There is also a breastshield cup, breast pump set, whether it is exclusive, whether it matches your SIZE can also be considered.
9. See which type of electric breast pump is yours?
If you have the above four standards, it is already a very good breast pump; and the top breast pump in the industry, which is completely in line with the above standards, is sometimes called a rental-grade breast pump, also called a medical-grade breast pump. This type of breast pump is manufactured for many people and for many years. The technical parameters are up to the top standard. The breast pumping accessories are also designed for individual mothers, so they are generally more expensive and are used for rental rather than for sale.
A good breast pump is not a luxury item, it is an important commodity for every mother who needs a breast pump! Try comparing the price of an effective breastpump and the cost of a baby's milk powder for a year (at least about $1,200). You won't want to buy a baby car seat for your baby and be frugal. You should also not try to use a poor quality breast pump because the baby will not wait.
You can position the nipple in the middle of the breastshield pipe. Now start sucking and check the following:
7.1 Can the nipple move freely in the pipeline?
7.2 Is the areola tissue rarely or not pulled into the breastshield tube?
7.3 Have you observed a gentle, rhythmic breast movement during each breast pump?
7.4 Do you think your breasts are empty?
7.5 Does the nipple feel no pain?
If any of the answers to the above question is "No", then a larger (or smaller) breastshield should be replaced.
1. What should I do before using a breast pump?
1.1 Try breast massage
When you are ready to start collecting milk, you can massage your breasts for a few minutes. This will help the secretion of breast milk, so that you can collect it more quickly when you wait for breast pumping.
1.2 Watch baby photos
Watching your baby's photos also helps in the secretion of breast milk while you are collecting milk. Your baby's photo can stimulate your breasts to have the urge to breastfeed and increase the flow of breast milk.
1.3 Relax your mood
You may be eager to hurry to finish bed, do other things, or you are nervous about your breast milk production, but these pressures may affect the quality of your breast milk, so it is best to avoid thinking, collecting milk Try to relax as much as possible.
1.4 Prepare water and snacks
Gathering milk, like breastfeeding, can make you feel hungry and hungry. Therefore, you can prepare some snacks and water at your milk collection table, so you can replenish energy and moisture at any time.
1.5 Easy to wear and untied
In order to facilitate the collection of milk, you'd better wear clothes that can be untied, like shirts. This way you can easily unbutton the button. In addition, you'd better wear breastfeeding underwear, which will allow you to collect milk conveniently.
1.6 Tools remember to disinfect
No matter which breast pump you use, be sure to remember to disinfect. In addition, the temporary storage of the milk collection tank should also be cleaned and disinfected in order to keep the breast milk fresh and safe.
1.7 Cooperate with feeding time
You'd better use your baby's breast pumping time to collect milk, like 3 or 4 hours. The same interval allows your breasts to store memories and secrete breast milk.
1.8 Occasionally feed the baby
In order to stimulate your breast milk secretion and improve your intimate connection with your baby, you'd better keep your habit of feeding. You can feed one or two times a day to let your baby feel the warmth in your arms.
2. How to use a breast pump
The negative pressure of the breast pump is only a necessary condition, and the breast pump can suck out a small amount of milk before the milk spray reflection occurs. The key to breast pumping is to stimulate the mother to produce a milk spray reflection. The milk spray reflection is a kind of conditional reflection. The baby or the breast pump stimulates the nipple, triggers the contraction of the breast cells, squeezes the milk in the breast into the milk duct, and then The nipple opening out smoothly. Therefore, the sooner the milk spray is reflected, the higher the efficiency of sucking. The baby can stimulate the mother to produce the milk spray reflex at the earliest. The “double rhythm sucking mode” developed by Medela to imitate the baby sucking is to stimulate the milk reflex more quickly and suck more milk in a shorter time.
We remind you that mothers apply heat before breast pumping, massage breasts, relax when sucking milk, drink warm water, watch baby or photos help stimulate mother's milk spray reflection, improve breast pumping efficiency, shorten breast pumping time .
b) correct suction
Many mothers have a misconception that the greater the suction of the breast pump, the greater the efficiency. But in fact, the baby's oral negative pressure is about -60 ~ -170mmHg, too much suction is not conducive to breast-absorbent effect, it may also cause breast damage, affecting the smooth outflow of breast milk, causing problems such as nipple pain, breast swelling, mastitis and so on.
Therefore, regardless of manual or electric breast pump, you should pay attention to the "maximum comfort suction", when the mother's breast pumping process is most comfortable and efficient. “Maximum Comfort Suction” is the maximum suction that your mother feels comfortable. We remind you that when you feel uncomfortable, the electric breast pump gradually decreases from the maximum suction when adjusting.The manual breast pump can determine the suction force by pressing or pulling the speed and strength of the handle.
In addition, the electric breast pump needs to have the correct method of use, in order to suck the milk, there must be disinfection measures before and after use. If you find that there is no suction, please check if the installation is correct. Then adjust the button to see if you can increase the pressure. You need to clean and disinfect the electric breast pump before using it.
c) correct shroud size
It is important to choose the right size breastshield based on the size of the nipple. If the mother's nipple is too large, when using a standard size breastshield, the nipple may not be able to shrink freely, which may affect the suck.
3.What are the benefits of using a breast pump?3.1 Sucked milk,can clearly know the amount of breast milk, can also determine the amount of milk per child,avoid milk too fast to the baby or too little milk to eat too much . (Mothers who are directly breastfeeding are always worried that the amount of milk is not enough. They don’t know how to judge whether the baby is full or not.And don’t know how much the baby’s milk is growing, but suck the milk out with the breast pump to compare the relationship between the baby’s month and the amount of milk. If it is insufficient, the formula can be replenished in time; some mothers are rich in milk. It can also be avoided by sucking it out .
3.2 The baby will not be too long each time, sucking is effective sucking, will not develop the habit of biting the nipple to sleep; (direct breastfeeding is easy to cause the baby's nipple dependence, so that the baby sucks milk for a long time, and really The effective sucking time is not long, and it is easy to develop the habit of sleeping with a teat.)
3.3 To avoid the baby sucking breasts can only eat the former milk, and can not eat nutritious after-milk; (pre-milk is generally clear, after the milk is relatively thick, the content of the former milk nutrients is not rich after the milk, and the baby The average effective sucking is only a few minutes ago, and the sucking is the former milk. Many mothers see that the baby is asleep or not sucking, so that the baby will not continue to eat, so that the baby misses the nutrient-rich milk. )
3.4 Mother does not have to feed the baby anytime, anywhere, do not have to maintain a constant posture for a long time, resulting in backache and leg pain;
3.5 Basically, you can empty your breasts every time when use breast pump, can reduce the pain caused by milk rise; (It is easier to judge whether the breast is emptied by the breast pump, and only the milk in the breast is emptied will not affect the milk production.)
3.6 The baby is not easy to grow milk, and will not wet the clothes; (direct breastfeeding is easy to make the baby's face full of neck is full of eczema, of course, there are other reasons for eczema.)
3.7 mother will not crack the nipple, to avoid the pain caused by this; (baby sucking may bite the mother's nipple, easy to cause inflammation, and lead to forced termination of breastfeeding.)
3.8 When the baby first comes into contact with the bottle, it will not refuse the bottle, it is convenient to feed the baby, and it also creates conditions for the mother to go out during breastfeeding or to go to work later; (Many babies are used to the nipple of the mother and refuse to eat the nipple of the bottle. Adding complementary food or feeding water is more troublesome; and mom wants to go out, always worried that the child does not have milk to eat, if you use a breast pump, you can suck the milk before out，and putting it in the refrigerator . )
3.9 It is easier to wean. (Do not rely on the mother's breasts, you can add other foods to your baby in a timely and appropriate manner, and gradually wean.)
1. Breast pump use error
The breast pump is a tool for extruding breast milk accumulated in the breast. Use the correct method when using it. Don't fall into the misunderstanding.
Misunderstanding 1: Because of the pain, use the breast pump instead of the baby sucking
When I first started breastfeeding my baby, many mothers will feel nipple pain, but this is normal. If the mother gives up breastfeeding because of this, directly sucking the milk with a breast pump and feeding it to the baby in the bottle may cause Your baby has the illusion of a nipple.
Misunderstanding 2: The breast pump can't suck out and think that there is no milk.
Mother's breast is like a warehouse. Milk is accumulated in the breast, transported to the nipple through the breast, and then sucked out. If the breast pump is used, it is found that sucking a little can not suck the milk, it does not mean that the mother has no milk, the reason It may be that the mammary gland of the mother is not smooth, and the milk is formed inside, the breast is too hard to passed through.
Misunderstanding 3: too much milk does not know how to suck out with a breast pump
Some mothers have a lot of milk, and every time the baby can't finish it, but they don't know how to use the breast pump to suck out the excess milk, which causes the breast to clog. It is recommended that the mother understand the amount of milk and absorb the excess milk at an appropriate time to prevent the milk from clogging in the mammary gland for a long time, breeding bacteria and causing disease.
2.Pay attention to these 10 points with a breast pump, otherwise it will affect the quality of breast milk.
2.1 Wash hands before milking or handling breast milk;
2.2 When storing breast milk, use a lidded container to live a medicinal plastic bag, do not use ordinary plastic bags;
2.3 Clean up breast milk that has been refrigerated for more than 72 hours;
2.4 If you want to refrigerate your breast milk for 3-6 months, you must refrigerate it in an environment below 0 degrees Celsius.
2.5 Try to separate the milk by the amount of each feeding, that is, the average amount of 4-6 pounds per feeding;
2.6 Do not put refrigerated breast milk and fresh breast milk together;
2.7 thawing the refrigerated breast milk or putting it in a bowl of warm water for warming before being used for feeding;
2.8 Do not use the microwave to thaw the breast milk or directly heat the breast milk to feed the child. Because the heat is distributed unevenly, it is easy to burn the child's tongue. In addition, high temperature heating will also destroy some nutrients in breast milk;
2.9 Do not refrigerate breast milk again. If the child can not finish, the rest of the breast milk should be disposed of, and the breastmilk after thawing cannot be used after 24 hours;
2.10 Do not store the remaining breast milk in the used container or re-refrigerate it for the next feeding.
3. Use the breast pump 3 special attention
3.1 disinfection should pay special attention
After many mothers use the breastpump to feed the baby, because of the feeling of fatigue, they quickly clean themselves or let their partner simple cleaning. In fact, this is not advisable. There are many bacteria in the breast pump after use. It is generally recommended to rinse it off quickly with water, and then use high temperature disinfection with boiling water. Conditional can also be disinfected with steam, convenient and fast. It is worth mentioning that you should never use kitchen dishwashing detergent for disinfection to prevent breast pump from getting into harmful substances.
3.2 Pay special attention to the selection of breast pump
There are many types of breast pumps on the market, and sometimes they don't know which one to choose. The most common ones are manual, electric, and some single and double pumps. In fact, the most important thing is to choose the one that suits you. The best for you is the best. If you use an inappropriate breast pump, it is likely to dampen the breast tissue of the mother, causing the breast to clog, which is not conducive to breastfeeding the baby. It's best to try it before you buy it, and it's best for you. Breastfeeding underwear should also choose the right one, easy to breastfeed and prevent sagging.
3.3 Pay attention to the milk for more than 72 hours.
Many working mothers will store the milk before going to work so that the baby can drink breast milk in time, which is really convenient. However, it is important to note that after the milk has been refrigerated for more than 72 hours, it must be cleaned up in time. Do not think that there is no problem in refrigerating. Like fresh milk, milk has a shelf life. More than this time, it will metamorphism. If the baby drinks it, it is not good.
3.4 Breast pump storage precautions1. The breast pump is a personal special product, which should not be used by many people, so as not to affect health.
2. The adapter must be unplugged from the electrical outlet after each use.
3. Because the mammary gland is blocked, it is necessary to open the milk, or if the nipple is flat and need to correct the nipple, do not install the collector first. After the problem is solved, install the collector.
4. Disassemble or install the connection collector, carefully handle the components of the three-way suction device, do not use excessive force.
5. All components can not be disinfected by disinfection cupboard or microwave oven or pressure cooker. The main machine must not be immersed in water for cleaning.
6. All components and mainframes should not be exposed to the sun and should be placed out of reach of children.
7. Update the accessories when there are uncleanable stains or cracks in the components in contact with breast milk.
8. Each time the breast pumping time is generally no more than 20 minutes: when the milk is time-consuming and laborious, you should relax your body and then suck the milk; when the breast milk is painful, you should first apply heat massage; if the milk is not suitable or can not absorb the milk many times Should teach doctors.
9. When feeding a baby with a bottle, it should be taken care of by an adult.
4. Concerns about the use of breast pumps
4.1 Milk will be less and less – some people think that using a breast pump will make milk less and less. In fact, no, the initial multi-sucking is also conducive to the growth of milk, the principle of breast pump and the principle of baby sucking is the same, of course, the feeling is somewhat different, but you can manually adjust to the same frequency as the baby sucks;
4.2 The quality of milk is not high - some people say so, but can't say a reason. I personally think that the quality of milk is not related to whether or not to use a breast pump;
4.3 Leakage problem - Some people think that using a breast pump will make the milk eye bigger and leaking milk. In fact, it will not, sucking one side of the breast, so that the brain can receive stimulation, and secrete prolactin to make the breast secrete milk. This kind of stimulation is for both breasts. It is the same, so the other side will also drop milk, commonly known as leaking milk, this is a normal phenomenon, this can also happen directly by breastfeeding, use the breast pump to prepare early, avoid the milk on the other side wet baby clothes. Sometimes, even if you are breastfeeding directly, it is possible that the nipple is exposed to external stimuli (such as rubbing and rubbing of clothing) to secretion of milk. Of course, this varies from person to person.
5. Six key points for the use of electric breast pump
5.1 Choosing the most suitable breast pump. The choice of breast pump varies from person to person. Choosing the breast pump that knows you best and suits you best is the “most valuable investment”. In general, do not use second-hand breast pumps because of the risk of cross-contamination. If your mother needs frequent breast pumping, choose a quality electric breast pump. If you use it occasionally, consider a manual breast pump.
5.2 Effective stimulation of the milk array.Stimulation milk array is the key to breast pumping effect. The electric breast pump with the function of stimulating the milk array will be more labor-saving! The study found that the stimulation stage of more than 100 suction cycles per minute can make the mother stimulate the milk faster array. After the end of a milk line, you can shut down and reopen, re-stimulate the milk line, which will help you trigger another milk line. Each stimulation of a milk array may increase the amount of milk by 10-30 ml.
5.3 Suction is gentle. The strengh suction. It only means “you will hurt”! The breast pump is a medical device, it is not a suction, it must be different from the vacuum cleaner. Some electric breast pumps on the market have a particularly strong suction force. In fact, it is easy to pull the nipple. Please be cautious when choosing.
5.4 Relax and distract yourself. Look at your baby's photos before breastfeeding and listen to the sounds or music related to your baby. You can do other things when you suck breasts, such as playing Facebook and watching TV. Especially for the first time, don't let yourself feel that you are forced to do something, or set a high expected value. Breast pumping is a conditional reflex. The more naturally it relaxes, the easier it is to get milk, and the better the breast pumping effect.
5.5 Trying both sides of the breast pumping.Both sides of the simultaneous breast pumping than the single side of the breast pumping, will increase the amount of milk by 18%, and can save half of the time. If the amount of milk is not enough, you can try to suck on both sides. If you wear a special breast pump, you can release your hands and truly enjoy the freedom of hands-free.
5.6 Healthy Living. Finally, it is very important to choose a healthy lifestyle. Smoking, alcoholism, staying up late and other unhealthy lifestyles will have an impact on the production of milk. At the same time, proper nutrition can not only maintain and promote milk secretion, but also improve breast milk quality, try to eat more fruits and vegetables, and increase fluid intake.
6. In our list of common mistakes using a breast pump
6.1 Use a breast pump on the first day after delivery.
Many mothers think the newborn baby will be hungry for on the first day after giving birth, and they will start sucking milk in the first time. In fact, if the breast is sucked before the breast is open, it will only more and more blocked. Therefore, the first day after the baby is born, the electric breast pump will find that the more the suction is blocked, the more the breast will become painful and swollen.
Suggestion: First of all, to ensure the smoothness of the breast, it is recommended to use the breast pump about 3 days after delivery.
6.2 The more the suction of the breast pump, the greater the amount of milk
This is a very wrong approach! The new mother uses the strongest suction at the beginning, and it is easy to chapped the nipple. When the nipple is fed, the pain is unbearable. Many acute mothers choose a large suction from the beginning, in fact, this will bring more harm to themselves.
Recommendation: Massage the breasts for 5 minutes before sucking, and the suction will gradually increase from small to large.
6.3 The longer the pump is used, the more milk will be sucked out.
The breast pump is used for too long and it is easy to make the breasts swollen. Many new mothers come out for an hour in order to suck more milk. In fact, this will cause damage to the skin of the breast.
Recommendation: Do not breastfeed for more than 30 minutes on both sides; the breasts are empty for a long time, which actually causes damage to the breasts.
6.4 Wrong choice of breast pump cap.
The breastshield of the breast pump should be moderate, and it is best to cover the areola like the baby's mouth. A suitable cap is generally about 3 mm larger than the areola. The breast pump bra is too large to cause areola edema, deformation of the breast and elongation of the nipple; too small will scratch the nipple, causing the nipple skin to split. In the early stage of breastfeeding, it is the most difficult for the novice mother..
7. What should I do when the breast milk for reflux?7.1 There are two main reasons for reflux.
Because when the white film is disinfected, the yellow valve and the white film are not taken down and disinfected, because the milk contains grease, which will cause adhesion, so that the speed of the milk flowing into the bottle will be slow, resulting in backflow. (solution, Remove the white film from the piston when it is disinfected)
Because when the milk is stimulated, the milk is too much too fast, and the milk can not flow into the bottle very quickly, causing reflux. (The solution is to directly press the water drop button to change to the sucking mode when sucking milk)
7.2 Also note the following:1. When there is milk spray reflection (ie milk array) during breast pumping, please separate the breastshield from your chest to allow a small amount of air to enter and reduce the negative pressure for a short time.
2. Do not screw the bottle too tightly to facilitate air ingress and ensure the balance between internal and external pressure.
3. When sucking, try to keep your upper body straight and do not lean against the bed or sofa.
4. The cleaning and disinfection of each valve should be separately removed and cleaned separately, to ensure that there is no milk residue on the inner wall of the valve and the surface of the membrane, and there is no defect.
5. Note: Nylon bottle brushes (hard brush) should not be used to clean spill-proof valves and membranes, which can cause damage to these components.
6. When galactorrhea occurs, turn off the machine or turn the vacuum down, wait for the milk to completely flow into the bottle before starting to suck.
7. When the milk is coming, pay attention to changing the breast pump from the stimulation mode to the lactation mode in time, because the stimulation of the lactation phase is about 2 times per second, and the negative pressure release/it is left for a short time. If the mother milk is relatively "surge" It is easy to reverse the flow. Once it is switched to the sucking stage, once every 1 second, the sucked milk is given enough time to leave the bottle.
8. Introduction to common faults of breast pump
8.1 no suction or suction becomes smaller
Reason 1. The valve plate is not loaded or the valve plate is aged and deformed.
Solution: Load the valve plate or remove the replacement valve plate to replace
Reason 2: hose have water
Solution: drain the water to keep the hose dry or replace the spare hose
Cause 3: Single connector gasket is missing
Solution: buy gasket accessories for replacement
Reason 4: The three-way suction device is broken due to improper use
Solution: buy a three-way suction device replacement
Cause 5: Hose bending causes airflow obstruction
Solution: Re-adjust the hose to the yang or replace the spare hose
Reason 6: The check valve seat is not installed
Solution: readjust, correct installation
8.2 back to milk
Reason 1: The milk is sufficient or the gear is too large
Solution: 1.adjust the intensity of small breast milk;
2.Install the collector.
Reason 2: The milk is in contact with the air, and the water drops in the hose due to the temperature difference
Solution: 1.drain water or replace the spare hose;
2.Install the collector.
1. How to properly preserve breast milk
Although breastfeeding is the first step in feeding a child, it is only half the task. For most mothers,the bigger challenge is to prevent breast milk from deteriorating before feeding.
According to the recommendations of the International Women's Health Information Center, it is necessary to put the sucked breast milk into the refrigerator immediately. If not, refer to the following tips:
Place in a cool environment - below 60 degrees Fahrenheit, so that breast milk can be stored for at least 24 hours without a refrigerator.
When the temperature is between 66 and 72 degrees Fahrenheit, the breast milk can be kept fresh for at least 10 hours.
When the temperature is higher than the Fahrenheit temperature of 79 degrees, the breast milk can only be kept fresh for 4-6 hours.
At high temperatures, you need to use ice cubes to keep your breast milk fresh.
Although breast milk is best used to feed the child immediately after it is sucked out, it can be kept for a few days if it is refrigerated. The sooner a child absorbs fresh breast milk, the more it can guarantee its nutritional value.
Experts pointed out that the mother of the workplace with breast pump and frozen breast milk is only a spare, fresh breast milk is always the most nutritional value. Honnaly tells us: "When breast milk is refrigerated, about 40% of protective immune factors will be lost."
Some women can't feed their children at work, and it is better to give their children refrigerated breast milk than baby food (used to replace breast milk). In this case you can provide 60% more immune factors. If you don't know how to feed your child every day, you need to start breastfeeding three months before returning to work.
Keeping your breast milk in the refrigerator door for two weeks can be kept fresh for two weeks. When you put it in a separate compartment of the refrigerator, you can keep it fresh for four months. If placed in a deep-frozen refrigerator (0 degrees Celsius or below), breast milk can be stored for at least six months.
2. How to choose a milk storage tool
The milk storage tool can be a short-term refrigerated storage bottle (usually recommended to be given to the baby within a few hours), or a long-term storage in a refrigerator (the frozen milk can be stored for several months)
The storage bottle is recommended to match the caliber and brand of the breast pump. If you need frozen milk, you should also prepare a milk storage bag.
3. How to use the milk storage bag?
How to use the milk storage bag as well? The milk storage bag, also known as the breast milk storage bag, is a plastic product for food packaging, which mainly has the effect of storing breast milk. Under normal circumstances, mothers can squeeze out the milk when the breast milk is sufficient, and store it in the milk storage bag for refrigerating or freezing, in case the milk is insufficient in the future or can not be used for child feeding on time due to work and the like. Therefore, for some mothers who insist on breastfeeding, the milk storage bag is an important helper for the baby to drink fresh breast milk anytime and anywhere. So how is the milk storage bag used?
3.1 Pull along the fold curve of the upper end of the zipper seal.
3.2 Open the zipper seal section, open the inlet section, and carefully inject the breastmilk. Inject the breast milk, squeeze the air inside the bag, and seal the two-layer zipper.
3.3 When using breast milk, invert the storage bag containing breast milk, cut it along the dotted line of the seal, and pour the breast milk into the bottle. Be careful to tear the curve and use a sterile scissors to handle it.
3.4 When breast milk is frozen, it will swell. For safe storage, please keep breast milk storage below 180ml.
3.5 Mark the storage date on the breast milk storage bag with a pen. Please be careful not to scratch the plastic bag.
4. How to heat the milk sucked out by the breast pump
How to heat the milk sucked out by the breast pump? During maternity leave, most novice mothers are systematically breastfeeding. The maternity leave in just a few months is over, isn't the mother's breastfeeding program going to stop here? Absolutely not! In order to continue to breastfeed the baby, many mothers decisively joined the family. First you need a good storage bag. Allow mothers to squeeze out the milk when the breast milk is sufficient, and store it in a milk storage bag for refrigerating or freezing, in case of insufficient milk in the future or when it is not possible to feed the child on time due to work and other reasons. However, after storing the milk, how to thaw the heated milk storage bag is also an important issue when feeding the baby. I believe that mothers also want to know how to heat the thawed milk storage bag to ensure that the nutritional value of breast milk is not lost.
The key points for heating the milk storage bag after thawing are: the milk storage bag should first be thawed in the flowing cold water, and then thawed and placed in water of no more than 60 degrees to be heated by water. After the heat is good, shake it and feed it to the baby. Heat it with boiling water or a microwave to prevent a large loss of nutrients from breast milk. Milk that cannot be eaten after thawing should be discarded and must not be recycled.
1. Is the breast pump a must-have item? Is it helpful for breast milk?
In fact, the initial production of breast pumps is mainly related to the needs of professional women. In most parts of the United States, maternity leave is only 6 weeks or even shorter. Most professional women return to the workplace less than three months after giving birth. Breast pumps help them achieve breastfeeding. Basically, Mothers can Persist until six months, a considerable proportion of mothers can persist until the baby is 1 year old. It is worthy of the attention of the novice mother. If there is a plan to store milk at the beginning, it is necessary to give the baby an alternate training of bottle feeding and pro-feeding in advance before going back to work. Otherwise, the mother may go to work and the baby is hungry to the bottle. Crying is a situation in which you don’t eat.
In addition to the biggest factor in the workplace, I think the breast pump has at least the following effects.
1) Relieve the pain of the milk knot – Whether it is the initial milking or the later milk knot, the good breast pump is stronger than the baby, the time can be adjusted by itself, and it can be sucked very clean.
2) Help your baby to maintain the output when the baby can't suck the milk – It is easy to get sick in the first year after the baby is born. Some conditions require antibiotics or drugs that are not suitable for feeding. At this time, the breast pump needs to be emptied and the milk is poured out. Or some babies sleep longer at night, and some mothers sleep with them. As a result, they find that they have risen very much in the morning. After a few times, the body will think that it will no longer need so much milk, and the amount of milk will soon decrease. The correct way is that even if the baby does not eat night milk at night, it is necessary to suck up the milk once to maintain the output.
3) Produce milk – insisting on regular milking when the amount of milk is not enough, or emptying after the baby is sucked, tells the body how to “require more production”. However, at this point, the breast pump is only an aid, or it is necessary to complete the hard work to product milk through food supplement, rest, and mood adjustment.
4) Temporarily liberating mother – sucking milk and breastfeeding bottle to represent the mother If you have something to leave for a few hours, don't worry that the baby is hungry, you can distribute the task of feeding the baby to the father.It also allows the baby's father to participate in the baby feeding activities.
5) Milk storage – suitable for mothers with large yields. Look at their inventory in the refrigerator is envious.
6) Scientific feeding – this is controversial, but some mothers who are interested in science especially want to know how much the baby eats, or how much they eat each day, how much they eat each time, like to feed strictly according to the amount, breast pump bottle feeding Is the only way. Of course, I also have reservations about this point. The feeding standard for newborns is not based on quantity, but on demand, but when the baby is bigger, after three to four months, after establishing the law of life and feeding rules, it is also a good method to feed according to the amount. .
For these reasons, we believe that breast pump is a must, and it is helpful to adhere to breast milk.
2. The breast pump make milk less and less?
Some people say that the baby does not suck, and the milk pump will be less and less. Is this really the case? This is undoubtedly a heavy topic for us to go to work after the maternity leave. What is the truth of the matter? How can a breast pump not make milk less and less?
Many moms have a misunderstanding about the breast pump, that is, the breast pump will be less and less milk. This is not the case, the breast pump is conducive to the growth of milk, the principle of the breast pump is the same as the principle of the baby sucking, of course, the feeling is somewhat different, but you can manually adjust to the same frequency as the baby sucks. Therefore, mothers should not be afraid. Of couse,the breast pump must emptying breast milk after sucking the milk. If it is not sucked, the milk may be less and less.
3. What is the feeling of the milk array?
Four feelings help you confirm
What is a milk array? What is the feeling of the milk array? Presumably this is what many moms want to know. Then, let’s take a look at it! What is milk array?
Milk array is a woman during breastfeeding. Suddenly, the breast feels that several stems are swelled with slight swelling, and then there will be milk spray or rapid drip. The milk array is easy to occur before the baby is fed or baby. After sucking for a few minutes. When the milk comes, the breast will be full. Even if it is already empty, the milk will suddenly become more and more. So, what is the feeling of the milk array?
Milk array feels one: breasts rise
When the baby started to suck, the breasts were soft, but after a while, I felt a little numb inside, and the breasts suddenly bulged, and it seemed that the ribs were bursting. The other breast also rose and began to drop milk. The milk array is a "squeaky" feeling that the milk is pouring into the nipple, and even the thin spray. There are also mothers who describe that the milk array is like a lot of small fish swimming in the breast.
Milk array feeling two: baby big mouth suck milk
Milk flows quickly outside. If your baby is breastfeeding, you will hear a snoring swallow. The sound and speed of swallowing are obviously different. Sensitive mothers will feel the numbness or itching of the nipple, etc.
Milk array feels three: the nipple has a feeling of being stabbed
In the 2 weeks after delivery, because the milk array is fine, the milk array feels like electricity and needle sticking. The milk is involuntarily sprayed out.
Milk Array Feeling Four: Milk Form Change
Depending on the amount of milk, you can see these types of milk at the transparent connector when you are sucking: small beans, soy seeds, water, spray,waterfalls. Generally, the small bean indicates that the milk is sucked up quickly. The thick soybeans indicate that the milk is after the milk, and the water flow is sufficient milk. The spray shows that there is a lot of milk in your body, the pressure is very high, and it goes out like a water gun. As for the waterfall, it is the product of the milk volume to increase the amount of milk.
4. New mother's lactation essential milk array stimulation method
The milk array is a eager expectation of many mothers. The milk spray also shows that your milk is sufficient, but unfortunately, not all mothers can feel and experience. Fortunately, the proper stimulation can make the mother feel the milk array and help to increase the milk volume. The milk stimulation method is as follows:
The first step is to wash your hands, relax your body, and let yourself stand or sit comfortably and take a deep breath.
In the second step, the thumb is placed over the breast and the remaining four fingers are C-shaped, below the breast.
The third step is to gently rub the breasts, rotate left and right, and gently touch the nipples with your fingers. For a moment, you will feel a slight tingling of the breasts. At this time, you can close your eyes and associate your baby with milk to increase the stimulation.
The fourth step, when the breasts begin to stiffen, the nipples secrete milk, and the milk array is coming, then you can feed or suck the milk.
In fact, the principle of the milk array stimulation method is very simple, that is, simulating the baby's suck milk to form a stimulus to promote the mother's secretion of milk. It is often said that the more the baby eats the more mother's milk, the same is true. Some mothers can stimulate the milk array through this milk stimuli method, and then use the breast pump to increase the amount of milk quickly.
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